The vocabulary is a single word of a (foreign) language. Accordingly, any word that does not count to the vocabulary of the mother tongue is a vocabulary. The term is used primarily in the context of the learning of foreign languages, since the main focus is on the memorization of new vocabulary. In the beginning the basic vocabulary of a language, which in most languages covers about 2000 words, is taught. Look up vocabulary in dictionaries. The word is also used synonymously for expression and name.
The term goes back to the Latin noun vocabulum, which can be translated by name and name. Accordingly, the translation refers to the fundamental meaning of the word. It is therefore about something which means something else – in German we use the noun word for this. Nevertheless, the vocabulary is used mainly in relation to foreign languages. An example:
Person A: “What was the English word for apartment again?”
Person B: “In my vocabulary book is flat. I believe, however, that apartment is also going. ”
In the above example, two people are talking. It shows how the term is used in language usage. As a result, flat as well as apartment for the German are the English vocabulary for the noun apartment. Andersherum is flat for the English the German vocabulary for flat.
In the foreign language acquisition of the school such vocabulary is taught as a rule accompanied by instruction, in order subsequently to be independently learned and strengthened by the student. Nevertheless, they can be queried in vocabulary tests, ie small performance checks. In this case, the respective terms are either simply requested or have to be entered into gaps or similar controls.
There are different ways to memorize the foreign words to be learned. Some of them are simple, others require a partner, and some are quite complex, but effective. The following is a list of some vocabulary methods.
Queries: Another person asks the learner. In this case, either the known word or the vocabulary is named, whereby the correspondence must be answered by the respondent.
Learning card: The learning cardi is a tool for systematic learning, in which a keyword is written on the one side of the card and the corresponding equivalent on the back. If such a learning card has several storage compartments, it can be systematically learned. The conscious comes into a separate compartment and the unknown is repeated until it becomes a friend.
Reading (loud): Helps in memorizing through loud, repetitive pronunciation. Particularly suitable for contents that have to be announced (eg poems). The learner reads the lecture loudly and clearly and repeats this process until the learning content is retrievable.
Mnemotechnik: The so-called key word method is particularly suitable. The vocabulary is learned by means of associations. An attempt is made to find a term similar to the one that is to be learned and then connect it to a linguistic image (for example, the English word mice is to be learned.) The word mice sounds so similar like the German noun maize – the learner thinks of mice that nibble on maize and can remember the term).
Vocabulary book: The vocabulary, which should be learned, is transferred into the vocabulary book. This is usually accompanied by lessons. In the vocabulary book, words and correspondences are simply opposite. Either the words are read or combined with other learning methods.
Vocabulary trainer: Is a software, ie a computer program or even an app, which can query certain word combinations at will. Either these are given thematically or can be determined independently by the vocabulary artist.
Cover: The learner writes the words and their translation into one page, alternatively also in a vocabulary book. Now the vocabulary is covered with the hand or even an aid and always only revealed if either the solution has been mentioned or has to be looked up. The process is repeated until uncovering is no longer required.