As Sottie, also Sotie, are the fool games in French theater of the 15th and 16th century and thus a play genre. Later on, these poses developed the poses, which are related to the swaying; the farce and the German fasting game. The fools in Sottien entertained by wit, which is interrupted by force tests, artifices, and jumps.
The word goes back to the French sot, which can be translated with fool. This is characteristic of such a stage work. The word itself is probably derived from the word itself, a name for a crude, infamous joke, which is generally slippery as well as indecent.
It was customary in the French theater that a short allegorical prelude was given before the actual stage. This resulted in the entertaining fools of the entertaining fools. Later, this developed into an independent stage art, that is to say, the Sottie, which gradually passed into the antics, whereby in Germany they merged with the developing fastnacht play.
Overview: The main features and background of Sottie
As the name pretends, fools define the drama set. These recall the well-known clowns and entertain in a very similar way (force tests, pieces of art, Klamauk etc.).
Sotties often had a satirical character and were dressed in the form of allegory. They usually had a personal as well as political content, which is why they often had the public opinion on the topic and played with ebendieser.
The Sotti were led by the so-called Enfants sans souci, that is, the children without sorrow. This was a society privileged to portray such mockery. Members of the Bazoche, an association of judges who enjoyed the same privilege, were also allowed to perform such mocking games.
On the basis of the political content, Sottie was immediately placed under censorship in France of the sixteenth century, and so was forbidden and ultimately suppressed. The urge for political antics, however, was so great that, in the same way, the morality developed, a genre of actors that under the mask of the comic showed moral tendencies.
Today, almost twenty Sotties are preserved. Above all the works of Pierre Gringoires, who wrote and directed numerous of these short stories. For example, La Chasse du cerf des cerfs (1510) and the three-part play Le Jeu du Prince des Sots et Mère Sotte.
The farce, which also developed from Sottie, originally showed the comic in the human, while Sottie was more concerned with certain personalities. In the course of time, however, a relationship between the two genres is no longer possible.