Ad sources

The Latin saying Ad fontes is an essential motto of humanism – the intellectual current of the Renaissance – and can be translated as “To the sources”. Renaissance humanism, whose origins lie in Italy in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, supported a comprehensive reform of education. This meant that the highest goal should be to form the human being, which should lead the mental abilities of the individual to full relief. The maintenance of the linguistic expression was important, which meant that a central role was played by the use of language, the correct expression – both oral and written – in Latin. Ad Fontes’ guiding principle is that in studying, one should rely on the original texts and sources of Greek as well as Roman poets and philosophers to be able to grasp the background of theories, world pictures and literary works. The motto was shaped in 1511 by the humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam. Continue reading “Ad sources”


Smaller poems in Greek anthologies, the author of which was not known. Furthermore, slaves adespota, liberated in antiquity, were called adespota, as well as all movable or even immovable property in the state, which do not belong to any individual. With respect to the literature, some thematic collections are published whose originators are all unknown. A well-known example is the work Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta by August Nauck, which, in addition to the works of poets Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, contains many fragments of Greek tragedies whose author is unknown or has not yet been published. Continue reading “Stray”


The stork is known as Adebar in the fable or in fairy tales and legends. The designation is therefore a fabeltier. In this case, quite concrete human characteristics are attributed adequately, while he is regarded as haughty, but also taught. In addition, the stork is considered to be the bearer of the newborn, which is why it is often represented with a bundle in the beak, and there is the possibility that a stork sitting on the roof of a house announces the birth of a child. As far as the literature is concerned, it is essential that the qualities attributed to Adebar do not change in the course of such a narrative: Master Adebar does not develop as a result, which is why it is always foreseeable for the reader and the listener how, History. Continue reading “Adebar”

Free Acte

Acte gratuit is a sudden, senseless, impulsive and spontaneous act. No reason is given for such an action, and it has no purpose. Often the act is criminal and violent criminal, although this is not always the case. In French literature, such an acte gratuit can often be interpreted as a sign of symbolic rebellion against determinism. The term determinism is that events – both past and future – are already defined and not influenced by preconditions. The acte gratuit follows a spontaneous inspiration. Continue reading “Free Acte”


Absolutism, also absolute monarchy, is a form of domination in monarchies. The monarchy means a form of government in which an aristocrat is the head of the state and thus occupies the head of the hierarchy of hierarchies within the state and represents the state externally and internally. This office is held by the nobility during his lifetime, or until his abdication, either by birth or election. There are various forms of the monarchy which determine the powers of the head of state: in a parliamentary monarchy the power is very small, since the essential state transactions are conducted by the parliament; in a constitutional monarchy, the power of the monarch is limited by a constitution; in an absolute monarchy, all the affairs of the state are guided by the noble, which is why his power can be described as complete, and not limited by any statutory or democratic institutions. In absolutism, therefore, a single person is the bearer of the state power, whose power is not controlled by any other person. Between the end of the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) and the French Revolution (1789), absolutism was the most common form of rule in Europe. Continue reading “Absolutism”

From ovo

Ab ovo is a Latin word and can be translated from the egg. The term means a narrative technique in which the reader or spectator is told the prehistory of the actual action and is introduced into the happenings by atmospheric descriptions. The narrative counterpart is a telling in medias res. Here the narrator rises directly into the process, whereby the prehistory is told during the advancing action. Continue reading “From ovo”


A written, often scientific, presentation of any subject, object or fact is described as a treatise. Since the treatise pursues a scientific claim, it is a form of scientific writing. Consequently, it is the result of an independent scientific achievement and serves the presentation. At universities such a performance must usually be provided at the end of the studies. As essays, essay, discussion, commentary, monograph, treatise, essay and dissertation can be considered, since these at least make a scientific claim, although this is not always fulfilled.

In addition, the term “baroque” in the opera also called “act” – also “elevator” – in a dramatic work and thus meant a main section of the plot. Nowadays, however, the term is mainly used to describe the theoretical and mostly scientific presentation and treatment of problems.

In this case, a thesis is generally formulated, which must be secured by evidence during the course of the treatise and which is subsequently defended in some circumstances.

Brief overview: The essential features at a glance
The texts, which can be collected under the term treatise, can be assigned to the Sachs texts. This means that they try to inform about a situation, to present it in an informative manner, and to provide it with facts.
Frequently, an attempt is made here to remove the object which is being examined from the system to which it subordinates itself. The respective object is consequently examined separately, in order to derive results for the whole from it.
The aim of the paper is, therefore, to elucidate and investigate a problem or circumstance in all directions, in order subsequently to substantiate the results of this investigation by means of logical evidence.
According to this, many texts of this kind begin with a assertion (thesis) or presumption, the correctness of which is subsequently investigated. Since the treatise is also the presentation of ideas, it usually deals with abstract terms and is thus theoretical.
In general, the term is not used exclusively with regard to science. Here he can be used for written presentations as well as presentations of all kinds or generally a longer essay on any subject.
Note: According to Duden, the following terms can be used synonymously, whereby it is apparent that the scientific is not always in the foreground: work, article, essay, execution, treatment, treatment, contribution, report, description, review, book, presentation, representation , Discussion, discussion, narrative, essay, research report, lecture, publication, speech, report, reportage, description, writing, study, text, title, investigation , Traktat, Elukubration, Exposé
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