The vocabulary is a single word of a (foreign) language. Accordingly, any word that does not count to the vocabulary of the mother tongue is a vocabulary. The term is used primarily in the context of the learning of foreign languages, since the main focus is on the memorization of new vocabulary. In the beginning the basic vocabulary of a language, which in most languages ​​covers about 2000 words, is taught. Look up vocabulary in dictionaries. The word is also used synonymously for expression and name. Continue reading “Word”

Tetralogy (four-part)

As tetralogy, also four-part, is called an artistic work, which consists of four parts. As a rule, this is a literary, cinematic or musical work, although the term is also applied to other fields. It is essential for such a quadrant that the parts of the four-part parts of the quadripartite are, however, mostly independent. This means that the action of the individual works of a tetralogy is usually completed in itself and is comprehensible without the knowledge of other parts (see Mehrteiler). Such four-part works are often films or extensive prose works, such as novel series. Continue reading “Tetralogy (four-part)”

Measure (Metrum)

The measure or metrum is a concept from the verse (metric). In this context, the measure describes the extent to which the individual syllables in each verse are accentuated or unstressed. In this way, the verses within a poem can, of course, influence the rhythm and structure, but also the mood and our reading. Continue reading “Measure (Metrum)”

History log

The history log is a form of logging, where the logger writes down the flow of a thing, event, or form. In doing so, the history log is always written in the form of a dot point and also in the present tense. In contrast to the results log, there is information about how the participants came to a conclusion. Continue reading “History log”


The comparison is a rhetorical stylistic medium used in works of any literary genre. A comparison is the direct countertransference of two or more facts, objects or linguistic images, which at least have a common feature. Comparisons are usually initiated with the words as and how, and can be used in the rhetoric for illustration, as well as intensify a thought process or describe an object in more detail. Continue reading “Comparison”

Ut pictura poesis

Ut pictura poesis is a Latin twist that comes from the poet’s poetry Horaz. Ut pictura poesis can be translated as “How a picture [be] the poem”. In a modified form, theorem was already published by the Greek poet Simonides von Keos, but it gained an enormous popularity only through Horace’s treatise. Originally, the comparison pointed to the fact that poetry and painting resembled certain aspects, and yet it was misunderstood, especially in the Renaissance. In this epoch the saying was interpreted to the effect that lyric art should be as picturesque as possible. It was only Lessing who measured the two forms of autonomy, even if he preferred the art of poetry, pointing to the fact that poems were essentially word-work and that both arts were not to be equated. Continue reading “Ut pictura poesis”


The first performance of a stage or piece of music in front of an audience is described as the premiere (abbreviated as U and UA), while the first performance of a film as a premiere and the first broadcasting in broadcasting (for example in the radio play) The title with the first performance is related. In contrast to the premiere, this means the first performance of a musical work or stage piece in a translation. Sometimes, however, the first performance at a different venue – at which the premiere of the work was not held – is also called the first performance (eg “First performance in Berlin”). Continue reading “Premiere”

Unclean rhyme

An unclean rhyme, also semi-rhyme, is a rhyme style. In the unclean rhyme, syllables are rhymed, which are only approximately rhyme, so they are not exactly identical. In the unclean rhyme, therefore, the sequence of the rhyme syllables coincides only approximately, which becomes clear in vowels, less in consonants. Sometimes rhymes appear unclean in reading, but are pure in a mouth-watering pronunciation. The acceptance of impure rhymes varies in the literaturepochen. Continue reading “Unclean rhyme”


Understatement is called understatement. The understatement is a rhetorical stylistic which is used in all literary genres as well as in the diminution. In rhetoric the figure often appears together with the litotes, an affirmation by double negation, or uses the diminutive (reduction form). The counterpart is the hyperbola (exaggeration). Continue reading “Understatement”

Embracing rhyme

The embracing rhyme is a rhyme scheme, which is formed from a definite sequence of final rhymes, such as the cross rhyme, pair rhyme or tail rhyme. The embracing rhyme is formed from at least three verses, the outer lines of the verse enclosing the inner lines or “embracing” (→ verse). Continue reading “Embracing rhyme”