As Hyporchem is a cheerfully moved cheering or dancing member of the Greek Chorlyrik. At first, the hyporchism was characterized above all by Paneonic inscriptions, consisting of a long and three short transitions, and later the Dactylos trochies, which determined it (see Daktylus, Trochaeus). The Hyporchem was sung to the Kithara, a string instrument, and later also to the flute or both instruments.
The terminology is derived from the Greek noun hyporchema. In addition, the term is used not only for the song itself, but partly also for the dance, which accompanied the song.
At first, the dance song was sung by the whole choir, later by a part of the chorus to the dance of the other part, which is why the term was established for both performances.
First evidence can be found in the Doric, an Indo-European and ancient Greek-speaking population, which was originally lived in Macedonia and the North-West Greek region. The Dorians formed a great Polis on the Peloponnese, a peninsula in the south of the Greek mainland, Sparta.
The Hyporchem was presented here above all in the worship of the god Apollo and in the arms of the Spartan youth. Evidence for this is found in the poets Pindar (522/518 BC – after 446 BC) and Bakchylides (520/516 BC – around 451 BC).
Short overview: The most important overview
The Hyporchem is a dance or jubilee. In addition, the dance, which accompanied the actual song, is partly described with the concept.
The song form has its origin in ancient Greece and was presented here above all in festivals in honor of the Apollo as well as in the armor of the Spartan youth.