As a statement, also a declarative sentence, a proposition theorem, a narrative sentence, or a constant theorem, a sentence is designated in German which makes an assertion or assertion. Excerpts thus make a statement about a fact which can be true or false. In German, one differentiates sentences, call rates, question sets, wish phrases and exclamation sentences. This distinction is necessary because the position of the predicate varies according to the type of sentence. In the exposition the finite verb is in second place, ending with a point or a comma, the intonation is falling, and the mode is indicative or subjunctive (see types of sentences).
Characteristics of the kit
Characteristic Explanation Example
Position of the finite verb The finitie verb is second. The finite verb is thus part of the second sentence. The girl writes a text.
Mode Indicative, Subjunctive II I: It runs down the street; K: She runs down the street if it were Sunday.
Punctuation mark point, comma
In principle, it is not difficult to recognize an exit sentence. For, independently of the grammatical features, it is precisely a proposition that represents something as actual, possible, or hypothetical.
As a rule, however, the finite verb is also the second most important point in the analysis. This property also applies to the exclamation record. Here, however, a look at the closing punctuation mark, which is either a point or a comma, helps (see punctuation).
The girl is playing football.
The above example is an excerpt because it asserts something. He claims that the girl plays football. In addition, the verb is second. In the first place is the subject (the) girl, the last place is the object soccer.
In addition, the sentence ends with a point, which is still a clear feature. Consequently, he distinguishes himself solely from the punctuation mark of an exclamation sentence, irrespective of the fact that an exclamation sentence expresses admiration or admiration.
Rebekka comes in the evening.
This example is also an excerpt. We recognize this because the sentence makes a statement and tells Rebecca to come in the evening. In addition, the finite verb is second, the subject is at the beginning. Finally, there is a temporal adverbial represented by the adverb in the evening, indicating when an event will take place. A final example:
Jonas watched a movie yesterday at the cinema
This example consists of several clauses. Nevertheless, here too the finite verb is second. In the first place is the subject, followed by temporal and local adverbial as well as the object. In addition, the sentence makes a statement and ends with a point. The mode is the indicative.
Example and conversion
In a German sentence, all the members of the sentence can be changed. This also applies to the exit rate. It is true that the finite verb is always in the second place in the sentence, and if this is not the case, it is no longer an excerpt. An example.
Record type of a sentence
1st place 2nd digit 3rd place
The dog bites the boy.
The boy bites the dog.
Question of the dog Does the dog bite the boy?
Question of the dog Does the boy bite the dog?
Desire (When) the dog bites the boy, …
Desire (When) the boy bites the dog, …
Conclusion: It therefore applies that a sentence is an exit sentence when the finite verb is second. If it is at the beginning of the sentence, a sentence, a wish sentence, or a call rate becomes a question. The sentence is also used for the desired sentence when the verb is at the last place and the word begins with if. In addition, there are other combinations, which, however, do not have to be explained at this point, since they do not apply here.
Special form: rhetorical question
Basically, questions are questions and statements. However, there are also statements that can be made with a question. Then a question set contains a statement. This circumstance is interpreted as stylistic means and designated as a rhetorical question.
Viewed externally, a rhetorical question does not differ from an ordinary question. The main difference is that it does not require an answer from the other. It assumes that the answer is obvious. Thus it can anticipate a statement and influence the conversation.
Peter: “Eve stopped me yesterday.”
Hans: “Did not I tell you?”
The above example illustrates the principle. Hans’s question is in fact not a real question, but a statement. Actually, he says, “I told you!”. Consequently, rhetorical questions, as well as sentences, can make statements, but follow in their structure the question.
Quick overview: The most important information about the record type
In German one differentiates as a rule between