The appearance of a performer in front of an audience is described as an appearance. This performance can take place on a stage, in the film, in the theater or during a musical performance. In terms of the drama, the performance also means a structure unit, representing the smallest structural unity of the drama. The drama is usually divided into acts, which in turn are broken down into scenes. In German plays, these acts are sometimes referred to as an elevator and the scenes as a performance. For example, Maria Stuart, a drama by the poet Friedrich Schiller, consists of five acts (acts) consisting of 52 performances (scenes). If the figure constellation changes on the stage and the actors change, the performance is over. The counterpart of the performance is the finish.
At first the term was at best the name for the appearance on the stage and was only used from the 18th century on to the scene. Since then, however, there has been a corresponding entry in numerous lexicons, which identifies the whole as synonymous with the scene and thus as a unit of the Draas. Thus in the general theory of the fine arts (1771) by Johann Georg Sulzer it is said: “[The performance is a part of the dramatic action.] A performance has come to an end and a new one begins as soon as a person from to the stage, or to the present one. ”
Act and act in drama
The example image above illustrates the basic structure of the drama, where three acts are represented in the picture and the first is divided into four performances. It is essential that, in the case of a change of act, the place of work usually changes, whereas the appearances are usually initiated by changing the figures shown. Between the changing of the individual acts, the curtains often took place in the theater, the figures mostly changing fluently.
Example: Elevator and performance in drama
The work Maria Stuart by Friedrich Schiller is divided into elevators and gigs. Altogether it consists of five acts, ie files, which in turn divide themselves into several appearances. The following is an overview of the first elevator with the respective actors.
Elevator appearance persons
I. 1. Hanna Kennedy, Paulet, Drugeon Drury
I. 2. Mary, The Past
I. The preceding, Mortimer
I. 4. Maria, Kennedy
I. 5. The previous ones, Mortimer
I. 6. Mortimer, Maria
I. 7. Mary, Lord Burleigh, Paulet
I. 8. Lord Burlesk, Paulet
Note: An exact breakdown of the individual performances by the actors and a detailed content of the named sections can be found in the article on Maria Stuart. There is also more detailed information about the drama. A similar division is also found in Emilia Galotti, Minna of Barnhelm, and Iphigenia in Tauris.