1984 by George Orwell

1984 by George Orwell is a story of a man’s struggle against a totalitarianstic government that controls the ideas and thoughts of its citizens. They use advanced mind reading techniques to discover the thoughts of the people and punish those who show signs of rebellion against the government. Ministry of truth is one of four government buildings in destroyed London, the main city of Airstrip One, a province of Oceania. Year is 1984 and three countries are at war, Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. Oceania is run by the party whose leader is Big Brother.

Smith Winston, who worked in one part of the government. It was divided up into four parts. The Ministry of Truth, where Winston worked, was in charge of education and the arts. The Ministry of Peace, which was in command of war. The Ministry of plenty, which controlled economic affairs. And finally the Ministry of Love, which concerned itself with law and order. Orwell also uses description of technology to show how the government controlled its citizens. He constantly refers to telescreens that are in all areas and even in peoples homes.

They have been placed there by the government in order to see what is being said and discussed by the citizens. He also tells of an occurrence that happens everyday called, \”The Two Minutes Hate. \” This event happens everyday at a specified time in which people assembled in front of a large telescreen where they were show pictures of terrible events in their history and then the face of a man who is their equivalent to Adolf Hitler. The mans name was Emmanual Goldstein and was considered an enemy of the people. Winston is sick of his life in the ruined city and decides to keep a diary.

This is against the law in Oceania. He felt his feelings begin to hate Emmanuel Goldstein, leader of the enemy party. He also spots O’Brien, a party leader whose eyes he see’s a bit of political sympathy. He feels it is only a matter of time before his though crimes are detected. A knock at the door he thinks is police. Mrs. Parsons, his neighbor is at the door and asked him to unclog a sink. He does it but smells sweat all over the apartment. Mrs. Parsons is a follower of party doctrine and a fellow employee at the ministry.

The children are members of Spies, a youth that encourages spying and telling on traitors, including parents. Winston is revolted. He returns home and writes in his diary a couple more minutes before going back to work. He washes his hands and hides the diary. Later we see him getting weak. From the beginning of the book, it is shown how horrible Winstons health is and is continually getting worse and more difficult, but as Winston gets involved with Julia then he begins a metamorphosis into a more healthy person.

Due to many restrictions in this government that led Winston to sickness and distractions of his thoughts made him rebel against Big Brother. Through technology government tries to change Winston they do so by showing him rats which he fears. This book shows that the society is a great influence of the mentality of the people in it, even if they don’t like it. Everybody will betray their loved ones, at some cost, and will be forced into so!

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