A written, often scientific, presentation of any subject, object or fact is described as a treatise. Since the treatise pursues a scientific claim, it is a form of scientific writing. Consequently, it is the result of an independent scientific achievement and serves the presentation. At universities such a performance must usually be provided at the end of the studies. As essays, essay, discussion, commentary, monograph, treatise, essay and dissertation can be considered, since these at least make a scientific claim, although this is not always fulfilled.
In addition, the term “baroque” in the opera also called “act” – also “elevator” – in a dramatic work and thus meant a main section of the plot. Nowadays, however, the term is mainly used to describe the theoretical and mostly scientific presentation and treatment of problems.
In this case, a thesis is generally formulated, which must be secured by evidence during the course of the treatise and which is subsequently defended in some circumstances.
Brief overview: The essential features at a glance
The texts, which can be collected under the term treatise, can be assigned to the Sachs texts. This means that they try to inform about a situation, to present it in an informative manner, and to provide it with facts.
Frequently, an attempt is made here to remove the object which is being examined from the system to which it subordinates itself. The respective object is consequently examined separately, in order to derive results for the whole from it.
The aim of the paper is, therefore, to elucidate and investigate a problem or circumstance in all directions, in order subsequently to substantiate the results of this investigation by means of logical evidence.
According to this, many texts of this kind begin with a assertion (thesis) or presumption, the correctness of which is subsequently investigated. Since the treatise is also the presentation of ideas, it usually deals with abstract terms and is thus theoretical.
In general, the term is not used exclusively with regard to science. Here he can be used for written presentations as well as presentations of all kinds or generally a longer essay on any subject.
Note: According to Duden, the following terms can be used synonymously, whereby it is apparent that the scientific is not always in the foreground: work, article, essay, execution, treatment, treatment, contribution, report, description, review, book, presentation, representation , Discussion, discussion, narrative, essay, research report, lecture, publication, speech, report, reportage, description, writing, study, text, title, investigation , Traktat, Elukubration, Exposé
Selected examples, sorted by authors:
Treatise on the origin of language, Johann Gottfried Herder (1770)
Essay on the Fable, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1759)
The essayists, Kurt Tucholsky (1721)