Katharsis

Der Begriff Katharsis geht auf die aristotelische Poetik zurück. Dabei schreibt Aristoteles der Tragödie die Wirkung zu, dass sie beim Zuschauer Jammer (eleos) sowie Schauder (phobos) erzeugt, was dann die Katharsis bewirkt. Als Katharsis bezeichnet er die Reinigung von diesen Leidenschaften (Jammer, Schauder) und ähnlichen Affekten (Gemütserregungen). Das Verständnis des Begriffs und die Frage, wer nun die Katharsis durchlebt (Zuschauer oder Figuren) ist seit jeher umstritten und führte in den vergangenen Jahrhunderten zu verschiedenen Deutungen und Interpretationsansätzen.

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Katachrese

Katachrese is a rhetorical stylistic device that can be used in all literary genres. However, different situations are described as killing. On the other hand, a word is named that closes a language gap, using an extension label from another field of meaning (1). Furthermore, the disagreeable connection of several metaphorical images, which are partly contradictory, is conceived under the term (2). Continue reading “Katachrese”

Kasus

The 4 cases in German are called the case. These are nominative, genitive, dative, accusative. The case shows the relationship between the noun and the other elements in the sentence. The noun, its companion (article) as well as deputies (pronouns) are adapted to the case. This is called declination. Nouns, articles and pronouns are thus declined depending on the function. Continue reading “Kasus”

Kalendergeschichte

The calendar story is a brief, easy-to-understand story in prose, which has been published in calendars since the 16th century. The calendar story is a form of the literary addition in the calendar, which is related to the sway, the anecdote, the short story, the saga, the narrative, the legend and the satire, and usually end with a pointe.

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Kalendergeschichte

The calendar story is a brief, easy-to-understand story in prose, which has been published in calendars since the 16th century. The calendar story is a form of the literary addition in the calendar, which is related to the sway, the anecdote, the short story, the saga, the narrative, the legend and the satire, and usually end with a pointe. Continue reading “Kalendergeschichte”

Kakophonie

As a cacophony, also Übellaut, linguistics is the sequence of bad sounding sounds and in music a disagreement (dissonance) perceived as unpleasant. In language usage, however, cacophony also means the disagreement between several persons in relation to a particular question. The counterpart (antonym) of the concept is therefore the harmony, which is called euphony. Such phenomena can be regarded as stylistic means in literature and music. Continue reading “Kakophonie”

Kafkaesk

The adjective kafkaesk, derived from the German-speaking author Franz Kafka, describes an unexpectedly threatening but also absurd situation, or the works of Kafka and also those which recall his style. The term can already be considered as Kafka-esque in the middle of the 20th century. This neologism soon made the leap into the Duden. As a synonym can be used eerily, oddly as well as strange and partly menacing. Continue reading “Kafkaesk”

Kadenz

The cadence describes the end of a verse within a poem. The cadence can influence the rhythm and the effect of a work, as well as decisively our reading. We basically distinguish between three different cadences: the male, female, and rich cadence. Continue reading “Kadenz”

Junges Deutschland

As Young Germany, a movement within the era of Vormarz is described. The Vormärz is dated to the decades between the Congress of Vienna (1815) and the March Revolution (1848) and is divided into two rough phases: the Young Germany and the actual Vormärz from 1840. The Young Germans opposed Metternich’s restorative and reactionary policies , advocated social justice as well as democratic rights of liberty and turned against opposing religious and moral ideas. The followers of the young Germany can be regarded as literary pioneers of the later March revolution. One of the most important representatives is the poet Heinrich Heine. The Vormärz is therefore radically democratic, although at that time a different current also had immense influx: the rather conservative Biedermeier. Continue reading “Junges Deutschland”

Jugendstil

As an art nouveau, a period of art history is defined, which is mainly around the turn of the century from the 19th to the 20th century and thus can be dated to approximately the years between 1896 and 1920. The Art Nouveau style is under the influence of the Fin de Siècle, an artistic and cultural movement that has been reflected in various styles such as symbolism, art nouveau, impressionism and aestheticism, as well as similar avangardist currents. Further names for the epoch are Art nouveau, Reformstil or Secession style, Modern Style in English, Floreale in Italian, Liberty in Russia, Modern in Modern Catalan. The notion of certain terms in architecture and design is very much in the foreground, with the epoch also being felt in literature and art. The essence is the attempt to depict nature in art through vigorous and floral ornaments. Continue reading “Jugendstil”